I looked at the fruit trees in the orchard a few days ago and the pear trees' buds are swelling. The apple trees' buds have not started yet, but won't be far behind. I bought a Gravenstein Apple a couple of years ago for a source of scionwood so I could graft scions onto a Staymen Winesap already growing there. I saw a tool in a "Lee Valley" catalog that looked like a great idea, so I ordered one. It is a drill bit in cone shape. The angle on the bit is the same as on a pencil. The idea is to drill the parent stock, then use a pencil sharpener to shape the scion. I cut a handful of scions today and made three grafts using them to graft onto the Winesap tree. I sealed the grafts with grafting wax and now I get to wait and see if the grafts will take. I have already grafted a Gala Apple onto the Winesap and it has produced apples. The Gravenstein is an excellent apple for applesauce or pies. The Sunset Garden Book says it makes applesauce "with an attitude".